Hancock’s contention that Vyse forged the
hieroglyphics to justify the costs of his expedition, although this view finds
little favour with Egyptologists. Hancock and his co-author Robert Bauval found even less favour
with these Egyptologists with their later theory that not only was the Great
Pyramid not associated with the Pharaoh Chephren, but the plans for the
structure were drawn up eight thousand years before his reign. This concept was born from events in November 1983 when Bauval,
his wife and daughter, were camping in Saudi Arabia with friends. Bauval woke up
at one o’clock one morning and gazed at the stars for some time before being
joined by his friend who attempted to explain to him how to use Orion’s belt to
find the rising point of Sirius.
During his explanation, the friend advised Bauval "the three stars of Orion’s Belt are not perfectly aligned. If you look
carefully you will see that the smallest of them, the one at the top, is
slightly offset to the east." (31) This of course was not a new
observation. What was new, or at least rediscovered, was that the three
pyramids at Giza were similarly laid out on the Giza plateau. And not only were the three pyramids laid
out as though they formed part of Orion’s belt, the whole area appeared to
mirror the sky.
Hancock established that other pyramids in
Egypt were positioned as if part of Orion and the River Nile flowed through
Egypt just as the Milky Way appears to flow across the night sky. Despite this initial excitement however, Bauval and
Hancock noted that the angle of Orion’s belt did not exactly match the layout at
Giza. Using a computer to reconstruct the positions
the stars in the sky over millennia, they found that the only time the stars on
the belt of Orion perfectly matched the position of the pyramids was in 10500BC.
In isolation, of
course, this date could be dismissed as pure fantasy. However other scientific
evidence has already confirmed that the Sphinx was carved thousands of years
before its accepted date. The Sphinx also
has a link to the date of 10500BE: for it was then and only then that the giant
structure faced its own image in the sky. Convinced of a land-star connection, Hancock went on to
establish whether the layout of other historic sites mirrored other
constellations in the sky and he published his findings in a recent book
‘Heaven’s Mirror’. In this work Hancock attempts to demonstrate an
"interface between ground and sky" at sites around the world and to also link
these to the date 10,500BCE to support his theory that there was a now lost
civilisation in existence at that time.
One site Hancock identified was at the temple of Angkor Wat in
Cambodia. Located in north-western Cambodia, Angkor, the capital of the
Ancient Khmer Empire was possibly founded around the Ninth Century AD by King
Jayavarman II. However, the city reached its peak glory in the 12th Century
under Kings Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII.
The most beautiful and most
famous monument in the city, Angkor Wat, lies about one kilometre south of the
Royal town of Angkor hom which was founded by Jayavarman VII. King Suryavarman
II, who reigned between AD 1131 and 1150, dedicated the Temple of Angkor Wat to
the Hindu God Vishnu. The Temple was constructed over a period of 30 years, and
illustrates some of the most beautiful examples of Khmer and Hindu art.
Covering an area of about 81 hectares, the complex consists of five
towers, which are presently shown on the Cambodian national flag. These towers
are believed to represent the five peaks of Mount Meru, the Home of Gods and
centre of the Hindu Universe. Angkor Wat features the longest continuous
bas-relief in the world, which runs along the outer gallery walls, narrating
stories from Hindu mythology.
With the decline of the Ancient Khmer Empire, Angkor Wat was turned into a
Buddhist Temple and was continuously maintained, which helped its preservation.
In 1992, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee declared the monument, and the
whole city of Angkor, a World Heritage Site. Hancock
that mathematics built into the structure of the temple proving that on the
spring equinox, Angkor Wat would be aligned to the rising sun. He also
demonstrates that nearby temples, when connected by a line, appear to show the
constellation Draco in the sky: just as the Giza pyramids appear to show Orion’s
belt in the night sky, so does Angkor Wat appear to show Draco.
However, when Hancock attempted to compare the layout at Angkor with the
constellation of Draco in the sky at the time the temple was built, 1150AD, he
found that Draco’s positioning did not reflect the ground layout. However by
turning the clock back, he was able to find a time when the ground and sky
layouts appeared to mirror one another.
And the date at
which this happened was the same as at Giza: 10,500BCE. (Right, top – Draco as it
is seen in the sky. Right bottom – a line connecting the temples at Angkor.)